1/3/23

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord


Learn how to easily use 6/9 chords.

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord

6/9 chords have a warm sweet and mellow sound...

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Previously we learned about how to use Major 6 chords and Major 9 chords, we learned how that are great substitutes  (embellishments)  for the I or the IV chord. 

We also learned that those major chords may not be substituted for a V chord, although a V chord is a major chord when a scale is harmonized with major and minor chords it is not a major chord when we harmonize a scale with 7 chords  - it's a dominant, so the best choice for a V chord substitute is a dominant chord.


Best (most popular) choices for a I or IV substitute (embellishment)


The 6/9 is also a great substitute for the I or the IV. There are 4 chords that make the best and most popular choices for a major chord. There are many other options but if you're just getting into chord substitution - these are great ones to start with.

Best choices for I or IV substitute (embellishment):
  • 6 (major 6)
  • Major 9
  • 6/9 (this is a major chord as well)
  • Major 9 #11 (we look at this one next)

After we learn how to use the chords above a substitutes we'll go on to popular choices for other chords... Next up will be minor substitutes so stay tuned and check back so you don't miss any installments in this series...


Check out the 6/9 (take a listen)


Let's check out the 6/9 and see how it sounds...

Listen to it compared to the major 7.
Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord
The 6/9 has a warm, sweet mellow sound...


About the 6/9  (new forms & similar chords)


Let's take a look at the 6/9 chords.

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord
You'll notice these are some new forms. The chords we've seen so far (6 and major 9) are based on a minor 7 from. 

The chords that share this form are 11 chords (minor and dominant), we'll see one of them when we look at minor substitutes.

The 6/9 is built with 5 tones the root note (1), a major 3rd (3), a perfect 5th (5), the 6th (6) and the 9th tone (9).

The 6/9 is simply a 6 chord with an added 9th.  

A rule to remember: If you take a 6 chord and raise the root note 1 step so that it becomes the 9th tome - you'll have a 6/9 chord.  So,  if you know your 6 chords (and where the intervals are in them) you can easily create 6/9 chords.


How to use them


Wherever we find a major 7 in a harmonized scale, a major 6/9 can be used (See more on harmonized scales here).

The 6/9 may be substituted for the I or the IV chord.

For the progressions that follow try strumming each chord slowly (1 slow strum for each chord) and then go on to the next chord. Listen to the beauty of each chord - also play the with two strums per chord as indicated, repeat each progression a number of times.

Let's take a look at a ii V I progression...

PROGRESSION 1 - ii V I harmonized with 7 chords:
Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: Major 9

In this progression we can substitute a 6/9 for the I chord (which is C major 7); take a look:

PROGRESSION 2 - ii V I with the 6/9 for the I chord:

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord



Play progression 1 a number of times (repeating it etc...)

Then play progression 2 - listen closely to the difference... What do you think?

Now lets take a look at a I VI ii V progression, we changed the quality of the VI like we did in the previous lessons.

PROGRESSION 3 - I VI ii V  harmonized with 7 chords:

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: Major 9

Now we substitute the major 6/9 for the I chord (the C major 7).

PROGRESSION 4 - I VI ii V with the 6/9 substituted for the I chord:

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord


We can use the 6/9 for the IV chord as well...

PROGRESSION 5 -  I VI IV V Harmonized with 7 chords:

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: Major 9
PROGRESSION 6 - I VI IV V with the 6/9 substituted for I & IV:

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord


Do you hear that warm, sweet mellow sound? 

Makes you feel toasty doesn't it?


"Pin me" you 'Ukulele Friends' will want to see this"

Ukulele Chords and How to Use Them: The 6/9 chord

 

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